CAT OF THE MONTH

MISSY

Missy is our cat of the month for October. She has been in rescue a while now and would really love a home of her own. If you would like to meet her or want to know more about her please email the rescue linascatrescue@gmail.com or look at her profile!# Missy

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Microchips

There have been many cats reunited, sometimes after a long period of time missing, due to having a microchip. However please remember if any details change to update with the chip company or a reunion may not be able to take place.

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Cairos capers!

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FB_IMG_1471877799671One year ago, on August 27th 2015 the staff at Birmingham Airport got a little more in the cargo than what was expected, inside was the little kitten that became known as Cairo, she had survived in the hold of a plane on a flight from Cairo via Dubai. She was immediately fed and watered and transferred into quarantine to be observed for rabies and other infectious diseases. After 14 days however her future would be uncertain unless a rescue could offer her a space and fund the remaining 3 1/2 months in quarantine.

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Rescues were contacted and Linas cat rescue offered her a space, they were also able to secure the quarantine costs from Emirates airlines. Volunteers from the rescue visited her whilst in kennels and finally the date came when she could be released to go to her foster carer.

Cairo had had a couple of health concerns and investigations whilst in quarantine, noticeably limping and x rays were taken which revealed some damage around the joints and once she was in foster care more investigations and specialist advice was sought. In the meantime Cairo started to settle into her home and wriggle her way into her foster carers heart. Eventually it was decided that the damage had not got any worse, that her muscles needed strengthening but that she may at some point in the future need surgery to fuse her joint. So began an exercise regime which mainly seemed to involve running up and down the stairs chasing balls and playing fetch with toy mice – no real hardship for a kitten! Best of all her foster carer decided to adopt her!

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Cairo started to go outside first of all on a harness (which she wasn’t keen on) and then freely with her “mum” watching closely. She now enjoys going outside, playing with leaves and the other cats she lives with.

 

 

 

 

 

She has turned into a delightful young cat who will not only steal your heart but your tissues, bread and ham. She will always have a limp, she may need treatment in the future but she is one very lucky, loved and spoilt lady.

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Summer safety

Now that summer is here (hopefully) there are a few things that can be done to keep your cat safe, healthy and comfortable.

White and pale cats are vulnerable to sunburn, particularly on ears and noses, where hair is sparse. Just like with humans this can lead to skin cancer which may require surgery. It’s best to try and keep cats indoors when the sun is strongest particularly for cats that like sunbathing! Also use sunblock on vulnerable areas you can buy special animal products of use a non toxic human sunblock.

It is important for your cat to be hydrated so make sure there is access to a fresh bowl at all times, it’s also a good idea to keep one outside.

Cats can get warm quite quickly and you might find them seeking out cooler places to lie such as the hearth or tiled floor. Some cats also like to lie in front of a fan. Please look out for signs of overheating such as lethargy and panting, encourage your cat to go somewhere cooler and have a drink. If you think they are suffering from heatstroke -collapse, lethargy and dribbling you can also help them to cool by damping their fur with cool not cold water and seek veterinary advice. Outside provide areas cats can find shade such as under large leafy plants, bushes or man made structures.

If you like to have your windows open then a curious cat may find this irresistible and you may need to use window restrainers or a screen to prevent an indoor cat escaping or falls from heights.

It is easy for a cat go wander into a shed, garage or greenhouse and get accidently shut in, if your cat goes missing check these first (and your neighbours) as it can have dire consequences.

Please remember alot of plants, especially lilies are toxic to cats.  Signs of plant poisoning are difficulty breathing, drooling, vomiting, diarrhoea, excessive drinking, staggering and possibly changes to heart rate. Urgent veterinary care will be needed.

THANKYOU

Many thanks to all who supported the rescue today. In total £590 was raised.

Worms and wormers

 

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The most common intestinal worms in cats are tapeworms and roundworms.

 

Tapeworms are long flat ribbon like in their appearance and are made up of segments.

2016-05-01 20.31.36Segments are passed in faeces and are sometimes seen looking like grains of rice in the fur around the anus, in faeces and the cats bed. Tapeworms can be transmitted to cats via fleas (immature fleas ingest the eggs of the worm which is then eaten when grooming) or by ingestion of small mammals.

 

2016-05-01 20.30.39Roundworms as their name suggests are much rounder in shape and are not segmented. They can be passed in faeces and then eaten by other cats or different animals that can act as a host e g small rodents.

Another type of roundworm is passed through a nursing mum via her milk to her kittens who are often infected at birth.

 

It it important to routinely worm cats and kittens as most cats will not have signs of infection but a major infection(or burden) will make you cat feel very ill, with vomiting, diarrhoea, weight loss, dull fur, coughing and potbelliedness. Adult worms may be seen in faeces and vomit.

Many worming treatments are now available in tablets, liquids, paste, granules and spot-ons (which can also be combined with flea treatment).

Panacur: can be used in kittens over 2 weeks of age, roundworms, lungworm and some tapeworm (veterinary, shop or online product)

Drontal: round and tapeworms (veterinary, shop or online product)

Drontal spot on: tapeworm only (veterinary, shop or online product)

Stronghold: roundworm only, need a separate tapewormer (veterinary product)

Milbemax: tape and round worms (veterinary product)

Profender: tape, round and hookworm (veterinary product)

Broadline and advocate: monthly spot on for all worms and fleas (veterinary product)

Kittens should be treated at 2,4,6,8 weeks with Panacur, monthly until 6 months of age, and then treated as an adult according to the manufacturers instructions.

It is also important to treat your cat routinely for fleas.

 

 

 

 

Cat Bite Abscesses

Today’s blog was written by final year veterinary student Alice Hurn. Alice has two dogs and one very spoilt cat named Lord Squilliam. She is interested in feline infectious diseases and dermatology.

Cats often get into fights, usually over territory, and for the unlucky ones this can end sorely with a bite. Cats’ teeth are sharp, so when they bite they produce small but deep puncture wounds. These can be be tender for a few days after the brawl, but often the cats show little sign of discomfort. However, when this puncture wound is made, the bacteria that are found in the cats mouth get into it. Over several days post- bite these bacteria grow and form pus underneath the skin. Due to their naturally tough, elastic skin which will readily seal over contaminated wounds, this pus will accumulate, forming an abscess. This is what we refer to as a ‘cat bite abscess’ and they make up a large proportion of your vet’s feline cases.

Cat bite abscesses are very painful and you may or may not be able to identify them yourself on your cat. Instead, you may often only notice subtle changes in your cats attitude. The cat may be off their food and not want to play or do their normal daily activities. As with any sort of infection, the cat will develop a fever which will also contribute to them feeling a bit under the weather. If the abscess starts to leak through the skin, you may notice your cat licking at it or may notice a horrible smell.

How will my vet know what the problem is?

The vet will be able to diagnose a cat bite abscess based on history and physical examination. Most cat bite abscesses are seen in outdoor cats, in particular intact males as they are more likely to fight over territory. As previously mentioned, owners often report in the history their cat being normal after the encounter and then having a change in behaviours a few days later. On physical exam, the vet would be able to identify a soft or firm swelling at the site of discomfort.

What will my vet do about it?

Treatment of cat bite abscesses aims to get rid of the infection and prevent further contamination and infection development. This is achieved by putting the cat on a course of antibiotics and by cleaning the wound and removing any dead tissue. The cat may need to be on a course of antibiotics for up to 10 days, and the vet can either give this as a long- acting injection or as tablets. Pus can interfere with the action of antibiotics, so the vet may choose to lance the abscess first to flush out all the pus and to clean the wound of an potential sources of contamination. If there is significant tissue damage at the wound site, this may also involve removing this tissue as it will inhibit the healing process. The wound site may be stitched back together, though it will most likely be left open to help the area drain further. The cat will also require some pain relief to make them feel more comfortable.

Will my cat be OK?

With proper treatment, the prognosis for most uncomplicated cat bite abscesses is excellent. However, there is always a concern in the back of the vets mind of some of the more nasty diseases that can be transmitted with cat bites. The main diseases of concern are feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV). FeLV can be vaccinated against, so this is why it’s important for outdoor cats to be vaccinated and to keep their immunity tip-top with annual booster vaccinations. If cats do contract these viruses, their ability to fight off other infections decreases and it means they can spread the diseases on other hostile encounters. You can read more about FIV and what it means for your cat here.

How can I prevent it happening?

Cat bite abscess treatment can be costly and stressful. The only way to prevent your cat developing cat bite abscesses is to stop them fighting. This can be difficult, but there are some things you can do. Keeping your cat indoors will help, but cats that are used to going out might find it stressful. To reduce chances of fighting, tomcats should be neutered. You could even fence off your garden to discourage other cats from wondering into the territory.

And remember, although cat bite abscesses are painful and expensive to treat, the other diseases that can be caught by fighting can be far worse. Don’t forget to keep up to date with your cat’s vaccinations!